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last updated on 25 February 2001.
This site shows useful information for Internet Engineers collected by Kay Holger Stecher for general use.
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Abbreviation List
ADO - ActiveX Data Objects
An object library.
Can be used to connect to any ODBC compliant database.
API - Application Programmer's Interface
A language and message format used by an application program to communicate with the operating system or some other system or control program such as a database management system (DBMS) or communications protocol.
ASP - Active Server Pages
A file type with the extension 'asp'.
ASP-files are usually written with VBScript but can also contain HTML-Code or even JavaScript. ASP-files are dynamically created server-side webpages.
ASP - Application Server Provider
An organization that hosts software applications on its own servers within its own facilities. Customers access the application via private lines or the Internet. Also called a "commercial service provider." With the advent of the Web browser as the universal client interface, the ASP market is expected to grow rapidly.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
CGI - Common Gateway Interface
An interface used to execute programmes on a server.
The user communicates with a programme on a server via CGI. CGI is not limited to one programming language only but often the language Perl is used.
COM - Component Object Model
A component software architecture from Microsoft, which defines a structure for building program routines (objects) that can be called up and executed in a Windows environment. This capability is built into Windows 95/98 and Windows NT 4.0. Parts of Windows itself and Microsoft's own applications are also built as COM objects. COM provides the interfaces between objects, and Distributed COM (DCOM) allows them to run remotely. COM is used in the following ways.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
CORBA - Common Object Request Broker Architecture
A standard from the Object Management Group (OMG) for communicating between distributed objects (objects are self-contained software modules). CORBA provides a way to execute programs (objects) written in different programming languages running on different platforms no matter where they reside in the network. CORBA is suited for three-tier (or more) client/server applications, where processing occurring in one computer requires processing to be performed in another. CORBA is often described as an "object bus" or "software bus," because it is a software-based communications interface through which objects are located and accessed.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
CRM - Customer Relationship Management
An integrated information system that is used to plan, schedule and control the presales and postsales activities in an organization. Although the dividing lines are not crystal clear, CRM generally does not include the marketing function and could be said to be enterprise relationship management (ERM) without the marketing component. Sales force automation (SFA) evolved into CRM, which became a greatly hyped buzzword by the turn of the century.
The clear objective for CRM is to enable a customer to interact with a company through various means including the Web, telephone, fax, e-mail and snail mail and receive a consistent level of quality service. The integration of all activities means that an order placed by phone can be tracked on the Web and vice versa.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
CVS - Concurrent Versions System
A file type with the extension 'cvs'.
Cross-platform file format using delimiters.
Data mart
A subset of a data warehouse for a single department or function. A data mart may have tens of gigabytes of data rather than hundreds of gigabytes for the entire enterprise.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
Data warehouse
A database designed to support decision making in an organization. It is batch updated and can contain enormous amounts of data. For example, large retail organizations can have 100GB or more of transaction history. When the database is organized for one department or function, it is often called a "data mart" rather than a data warehouse.

The data in a data warehouse is typically historical and static and may also contain numerous summaries. It is structured to support a variety of analyses, including elaborate queries on large amounts of data that can require extensive searching. When databases are set up for queries on daily transactions, they are often known as operational data stores (ODSs) rather than data warehouses.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
DBMS - DataBase Management System
Software that controls the organization, storage, retrieval, security and integrity of data in a database. It accepts requests from the application and instructs the operating system to transfer the appropriate data.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
DCOM - Distributed Component Object Model
Formerly Network OLE, it is Microsoft's technology for distributed objects. DCOM is based on COM, Microsoft's component software architecture, which defines the object interfaces. DCOM defines the remote procedure call which allows those objects to be run remotely over the network. DCOM began shipping with Windows NT 4.0 and is Microsoft's counterpart to CORBA.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
DSN - Data Source Name
A simple connection string to connect to a database.
DSS - Decision Support System
An information and planning system that provides the ability to interrogate computers on an ad hoc basis, analyze information and predict the impact of decisions before they are made.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
EIS - Executive Information System
An information system that consolidates and summarizes ongoing transactions within the organization. It provides top management with all the information it requires at all times from internal as well as external sources.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
EJB - Enterprise JavaBeans
A component software architecture from Sun that is used to build Java applications that run in the server. It uses a "container" layer that provides common functions such as security and transaction support and delivers a consistent interface to the applications regardless of the type of server. CORBA is the infrastructure for EJBs, and at the wire level, EJBs look like CORBA components. EJBs are the backbone of Sun's J2EE platform, which provides a pure Java environment for developing and running Web-based applications.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
FTP - File Transfer Protocol
A protocol to transfer files from or onto a server.
HTML - HyperText Markup Language
A text markup language to publish documents on the WWW.
A object-oriented programming language developed in 1990 by Sun Microsystems. JAVA as a cross-platform language enables to develop JAVA Applets, small JAVA programmes transferd via the Internet and running client-side.
A scripting language developed in December 1995 by Netscape Communications Corp.
With JavaScript it is possible to develop dynamic webpages on a cross-plattform basis.
JDBC - Java DataBase Connectivity
A database interface.
A scripting language developed by Microsoft.
The Microsoft version of JavaScript.
JSP - Java Server Pages.
Server side scripting with Java.
MSIE - MicroSoft Internet Explorer
A web-browser developed by Microsoft Corp.
NAV - Netscape Navigator
A web-browser developed by Netscape Communications Corp.
ODBC - Open DataBase Connectivity
A database interface.
ODBMS - object-oriented DBMS
A database management system (DBMS) that manages objects, which are abstract data types. An object-oriented DBMS (ODBMS) is suited for data with complex relationships that are difficult to model and process in a relational DBMS. It is also capable of handling multimedia data types (images, audio and video).
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
ODS - Operational Data Store
A database designed for queries on transactional data. An ODS is often an interim or staging area for a data warehouse, but differs in that its contents are updated in the course of business, whereas a data warehouse contains static data. An ODS is designed for performance and numerous queries on small amounts of data such as an account balance. A data warehouse is generally designed for elaborate queries on large amounts of data.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
OLAP - OnLine Analytical Processing
Decision support software that allows the user to quickly analyze information that has been summarized into multidimensional views and hierarchies. For example, OLAP tools are used to perform trend analysis on sales and financial information. They can enable users to drill down into masses of sales statistics in order to isolate the products that are the most volatile.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
OMA - Object Management Architecture
A definition of a standard object model from the Object Management Group. It defines the behavior of objects in a distributed environment. The communications component of the Object Management Architecture, or OMA, is the Common Object Request Broker, or CORBA. CORBA is often referenced more than OMA, but it is part of OMA and thus implies OMA.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
OMG - Object Management Group
An international organization founded in 1989 to endorse technologies as open standards for object-oriented applications. The OMG specifies the Object Management Architecture (OMA), a definition of a standard object model for distributed environments, more commonly known as CORBA.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
RDBMS - Relational DataBase Management System
A database organization method that links files together as required. In non-relational systems (hierarchical, network), records in one file contain embedded pointers to the locations of records in another, such as customers to orders and vendors to purchases. These are fixed links set up ahead of time to speed up daily processing.
Found @: http://www.techweb.com/encyclopedia
SQL - Structured Query Language
A language used to communicate with databases.
SQL commands can be used to communicate with all databases compatible to SQL.
TLA - Three Letter Acronym
A method to simplify communication.
URL - Uniform Resource Locator
The 'address' of a website.
VBScript - Visual Basic Script
A scripting language developed by Microsoft.
VBScript can be embedded into HTML. VBScript is often not supported in browsers other than the MSIE.
WAP - wireless application protocol
A protocol used to display websites on mobile phones.
WWW - World Wide Web
A service of the Internet connecting web server all over the world.

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